Cell shape changes during tissue morphogenesis

Timothy Saunders (U Warwick)

Nov 17. 2022, 14:45 — 15:30

On a curved surface, epithelial cells  can adapt to geometric constraints by tilting and by exchanging their neighbours from apical to basal sides, known as an apicobasal T1 (AB-T1) transition. The relationship between cell tilt, AB-T1 transitions, and tissue curvature still lacks a unified understanding. Here, we propose a general framework for cell packing in curved environments and explain the formation of AB-T1 transitions under different conditions. We find that steep curvature gradients can lead to cell tilting and induce AB-T1 transitions. Conversely, large curvature anisotropy can drive AB-T1 transitions by hydrostatic pressure. The two mechanisms compete to determine the impact of tissue geometry and mechanics on optimised cell rearrangements in 3D.

Further Information
ESI Boltzmann Lecture Hall
Associated Event:
Mathematical Methods for the Study of Self-organization in the Biological Sciences (Thematic Programme)
Pierre Degond (IMT)
Marie Doumic (Sorbonne U, Paris)
Anna Kicheva (ISTA, Klosterneuburg)
Sara Merino-Aceituno (U of Vienna)
Christian Schmeiser (U of Vienna)