Mean field theory in Inverse Problems: from Bayesian inference to overparameterization of networks

Qin Li (U of Wisconsin-Madison)

May 16. 2022, 15:15 — 16:00

Bayesian sampling and neural networks are seemingly two different machine learning areas, but they both deal with many particle systems. In sampling, one evolves a large number of samples (particles) to match a target distribution function, and in optimizing over-parameterized neural networks, one can view neurons particles that feed each other information in the DNN flow. These perspectives allow us to employ mean-field theory, a powerful tool that translates dynamics of many particle system into a partial differential equation (PDE), so rich PDE analysis techniques can be used to understand both the convergence of sampling methods and the zero-loss property of over-parameterization of ResNets. We showcase the use of mean-field theory in these two machine learning areas, and we also invite the audience to brainstorm other possible applications.

Further Information
Venue:
ESI Boltzmann Lecture Hall
Recordings:
Recording
Associated Event:
Computational Uncertainty Quantification: Mathematical Foundations, Methodology & Data (Thematic Programme)
Organizer(s):
Clemens Heitzinger (TU Vienna)
Fabio Nobile (EPFL Lausanne)
Robert Scheichl (U Heidelberg)
Christoph Schwab (ETH Zürich)
Sara van de Geer (ETH Zürich)
Karen Willcox (U of Texas, Austin)